Shellfish Research and Information
Services for the U.S. West Coast


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Where We Work
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Research
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STUDENT OPPORTUNITIES

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Internships with PSI

Intern or volunteer on one of PSI's research projects or outreach campaigns.


FEATURED

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The man with a plan

PSI researcher, Andy Suhrbier helps shellfish growers adapt to changing ocean conditions.



Reports & Publications

From research publications to presentations, PSI supported research and outreach offers a variety of informational materials on shellfish-related issues.

Shellfish research and information services for the U.S. West Coast

Publications and Reports

SHELLFISH AND HUMAN HEALTH

Pacific Shellfish Institute. 2008. Characterization of the Cadmium Health Risk, Concentrations and Ways to Minimize Cadmium Residues in Shellfish; Sampling and Analysis of Cadmium in U.S. West Coast Bivalve Shellfish. Prepared for Oregon State University, Seafood Research Laboratory. USDA Cooperative State Research Education and Extension Service. Award No. 2004-51110-02156

Tingting Ren and Yi-Cheng Su. 2006. Effects of Electrolyzed Oxidizing Water Treatment on Reducing Vibrio parahaemolyticus and Vibrio vulnificus in Raw Oysters. Journal of Food Protection, 69(8):1829-1834.

Elston, R.A., D.P. Cheney, B.F. MacDonald and A.D. Suhrbier. 2003. Tolerance and Response of Manila Clams, Vererupis philippinarum (A. Adams and Reeve, 1850) to Low Salinity. Journal of Shellfish Research, 22(3):667–674.

Denman Island Disease Risk Assessment and Risk Management. Workshop Summary. Tacoma, Washington, 2004.

Amro M. Hamdoun, Daniel P. Cheney and Gary N. Cherr. 2003. Phenotypic Plasticity of HSP70 and HSP70 Gene Expression in the Pacific Oyster (Crassostrea gigas): Implications for Thermal Limits and Induction of Thermal Tolerance. Biol. Bull. 205: 160-169.

Cheney, D. P., Macdonald, B. F., and Elston, R. A. 2000. Summer mortality of Pacific oysters, Crassostrea gigas (Thunberg): Initial findings on multiple environmental stressors in Puget Sound, Washington. Journal of Shellfish Research 19(1): 353-359.

Burge, C.A., Griffin, F.J., and Friedman, C.S. 2006. Summer mortality and herpes virus infections of the Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas, in Tomales Bay, California. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 72:31-43.

Rasmussen, R. S., Morrissey, M. T. and D. Cheney. 2007. Effect of Age and Tissue Weight on the Cadmium Concentration in Pacific Oysters (Crassostrea gigas). Journal of Shellfish Research. Vol. 26, No. 1, 173-179.

Rasmussen, R. S. and M. T. Morrissey. 2007. The Effects of Processing Methods and Storage on Cadmium Levels in Pacific Oysters (Crassostrea gigas). Journal of Aquatic Food Product Technology.

Christy, A. E. 2005. A survey of cadmium in Pacific oysters (Crassostrea gigas) and its implication to the shellfish industry and human health. Masters Thesis, The Evergreen State College.

Pet Waste: What’s the Problem? Brochure. 2011.

Shellfish Farmers as First Responders to Spills. Report to the Russell Family Foundation. 2008.

ECOSYSTEM SERVICES

Pacific Shellfish Institute. 2014. Shellfish at Work – Reducing Nutrient Pollution in the Budd Inlet Watershed Final Report. Final Project Report for National Estuary Program Toxics and Nutrients Award No. G1300037. Prepared for the Washington Department of Ecology by Aimee Christy, Bobbi Hudson and Andrew Suhrbier of the Pacific Shellfish Institute, Olympia, WA. December 2014. 80pp. Appendices.

Northern Economics, Inc. 2009. Valuation of Ecosystem Services from Shellfish Restoration, Enhancement and Management: A Review of the Literature. Prepared for Pacific Shellfish Institute.

Northern Economics, Inc. 2010. Assessment of Benefits and Cost Associated with Shellfish Production and Restoration in Puget Sound. Prepared for Pacific Shellfish Institute.

Northern Economics, Inc. 2009. Perceptions and Values of Shellfish Stakeholders. Prepared for Washington Sea Grant and Pacific Shellfish Institute.

Northern Economics, Inc. 2010. Technical Memorandum: Puget Sound Shellfish Revenue and Expenditure Survey. Prepared for Pacific Shellfish Institute.

Northern Economics, Inc. 2010. Technical Memorandum: Property Value Study. Prepared for Pacific Shellfish Institute.

Entrix, Inc. Technical Memorandum. 2009. Estimating Water Quality Benefits From Shellfish Harvesting: A Case Study in Oakland Bay. Prepared for Pacific Shellfish Institute.

Entrix, Inc. 2010. Technical Memorandum: Drayton Harbor Community Oyster Farm Community and Ecosystem Benefits. Prepared for Pacific Shellfish Institute.

Puget Sound Restoration Fund. 2011. Technical Memorandum: Liberty Bay Case Study. Prepared for Pacific Shellfish Institute.

Herrera Environmental Consultants, Inc. 2010. Technical Memorandum: Nitrogen Removal with Shellfish Harvest in Oakland Bay and Puget Sound. Prepared for Pacific Shellfish Institute.

SHELLFISH PRODUCTION AND THE ENVIRONMENT

Steven Booth. 2012. Dichotomous Key and Illustrated Guide to the Pests of Bivalve Aquaculture in Washington and Oregon

William Dewey, Jonathan P. Davis, and Daniel P. Cheney. 2011. Shellfish aquaculture and the environment: an industry perspective. In Shellfish Aquaculture and the Environment. Ed.Sandra E. Shumway.

Daniel Cheney, Richard Langdon, Kevin Heasman, Bernard Friedman, and Jonathan Davis. 2010. Shellfish Culture in the Open Ocean: Lessons Learned for Offshore Expansion. Marine Technology Journal. vol. 44, no. 3. May/June 2010

Presentations and Posters

SHELLFISH AND HUMAN HEALTH

Harvest and Holding Methods to Decrease Vibrio Parahaemolyticus Concentrations in Pacific Oysters. Daniel Cheney, Pacific Shellfish Institute. Pacific Coast Shellfish Growers Association Annual Meeting, Tulalip, Washington, September 2012.

Environmental Considerations for Vibrio parahaemolyticus in Puget Sound Oysters, Water, and Sediments.Herwig, R.P. and D.P. Cheney. Pacific Coast Shellfish Growers Association/National Shellfisheries Association - Pacific Coast Section (PCSGA/NSA-PCS) 55th Annual Conference. October 2001

Evaluation of Low Temperature Depuration for Reducing Vibrio parahaemolyticus in Oysters. Yi-Cheng Su, Daniel Cheney and Andy Suhrbier. Presentation at the annual meeting of the Pacific Coast Shellfish Growers Association-National Shellfisheries Association/Pacific Coast Section, Vancouver, Washington, October 2006

Mortality and oyster herpesvirus infections in Tomales Bay,California, USA. Colleen A. Burge, Robyn M. Estes-Strenge, Daniel P. Cheney, Frederick J. Griffin, Kimberly S. Reece, Tristan Renault & Carolyn S. Friedman. International Workshop on Summer Mortality of Marine Shellfish, Pusan, Korea. 2006

Pacific Oyster Summer Mortality Disease on the U.S. West Coast: 50 Years Later. Dan Cheney, Andrew Suhrbier, Mary Middleton and Aimee Christy, Joth Davis and Benoit Eudeline, Carolyn Friedman, and Dennis Hedgecock. International Workshop on Summer Mortality of Marine Shellfish, Pusan, Korea. 2006

Effect of age and tissue weight on the cadmium concentration in Pacific oysters (Crassostrea gigas). R. S. Rasmussen and M. T. Morrissey poster presentation.

Effects of Processing Methods on Cadmium Levels in Pacific Oysters (Crassostrea gigas). Rasmussen, R. S. PCSGA/NSA-PCS 60th Annual Conference. Vancouver, Washington. October, 2006.

A Survey of Cadmium in Pacific Oysters: Distribution, Influencing Factors and Ways to Minimize Concentrations. Christy, A. E. Georgia Basin Puget Sound Research Conference. Vancouver, British Columbia. March, 2007.

Survey of Cadmium in Pacific Oysters (Crassostrea gigas) of the United States West Coast: Accumulation Pathways, Subcellular Distribution and Implications for the Shellfish Industry. Stupakoff, I. A. Coastal Zone 2007. Portland, Oregon. July, 2007.

ECOSYSTEM SERVICES

Economic Impact of West Coast Shellfish Aquaculture. Bobbi Hudson. National Shellfisheries Association (NSA) 104th annual meeting 3/24-29/2012 in Seattle, Washington.

Environmental, Economic & Social Benefits of Washington State Shellfish Production. Bobbi Hudson. World Aquaculture Society (WAS)/National Shellfisheries Association (NSA)/American Fisheries Society (AFS) Finfish Section meeting 3/1-3/5/10 in San Diego, California.

Valuing Ecosystem Services of Shellfish Aquaculture- What's Next for the Northwest. Bobbi Hudson. Pacific Coast Shellfish Growers Association (PCSGA)/National Shellfish Association (NSA) annual meeting 9/21-9/23/2010 in Tacoma, Washington.

Washington State Shellfish Production and Restoration – Environmental and Economic Benefits and Costs. Bobbi Hudson. Pacific Coast Shellfish Growers Association (PCSGA)/National Shellfish Association (NSA) annual meeting 9/29-10/1/09 in Portland, Oregon.

Nitrogen removal from Oakland Bay and Puget Sound through shellfish harvest. Peter Steinberg, Herrera Environmental Consultants. Coastal and Estuarine Research Federation (CERF) meeting 11/1-11/5/09 in Portland, Oregon.

Benefits and Costs of Shellfish Production and Restoration. Katherine Wellman, Northern Economics. Coastal and Estuarine Research Federation (CERF) meeting 11/1-11/5/09 in Portland, Oregon.

WA Shellfish – Economic Value of Water Quality Improvements. Susan Burke, ENTRIX. Society for Ecology Restoration Northwest Chapter meeting 2/16-2/19/10 in Tulalip, Washington.

Mussel Power: Improving Water Quality and Engaging Coastal Communitites. Kristin Rasmussen, Pacific Shellfish Institute. University of Washinton-Tacoma, October 2011.

Shellfish Bioextraction: Improving Water Quality and Engaging Coastal Communitites in South Puget Sound. Kristin Rasmussen, Pacific Shellfish Institute. National Shellfisheries Association (NSA) 104th annual meeting 3/24-29/2012 in Seattle, Washington.

SHELLFISH PRODUCTION AND THE ENVIRONMENT

An assessment of the environmental impacts of marine shellfish aquaculture in the USA. Cheney, Daniel, Ralph Elston, Andrew Suhrbier, Jonathan Davis, Robin Downey, Carter Newell, John Richardson, Tessa Getchis, Jamie Vaudrey, Dror Angel, and Mark Luckenbach. World Aquaculture Society Annual Meeting, Florence, Italy. 2006

CFD analysis of shellfish aquaculture gear used in intertidal and subtidal locations. Richardson, John and Carter Newell. Presented at Richardson, John and Carter Newell. Presented at the 98th Annual Meeting of the National Shellfisheries Association, Monterey, CA.2006

Assessing impacts of shellfish aquaculture on eelgrass (Zostera marina) populations in Eastern Long Island Sound. Vaudrey, Jamie M.P. and Tessa Getchis. Presented at the 98th Annual Meeting of the National Shellfisheries Association, Monterey, CA. 2006

Environmental Affects of Marine Shellfish Aquaculture On Benthic Fauna And Water Column Characteristics. Suhrbier, Andrew, et al. Presented at the World Aquaculture Society Annual Meeting, San Antonio, Texas. 2007

Influences of Water Currents and Water Quality Constituents on and by Mussel Culture Systems in Puget Sound, Washington. Andrew Suhrbier, Daniel Cheney, Hector Beltran, and Aimee Christy. Poster presentation at the Estuarine Research Federation Conference, Seattle, Washington. 2002

Phytoplankton Abundance and Seasonal Change in Response to Utilization by a High Density Mussel Culture System, South Puget Sound, Washington. Aimee Christy, Daniel P. Cheney, Andrew Suhrbier, Aimee Christy, Daniel P. Cheney, Andrew Suhrbier, and Hector Beltran. Poster presentation at the Estuarine Research Federation Conference, Seattle, Washington. 2002

Mussel growth and food utilization in relation to water column conditions on raft systems in Puget Sound, Washington. Dan Cheney, Andrew Suhrbier, Aimee Christy, Hector Beltran, Joth Davis, Kenn Brooks and Frank Smith. Presentation at the annual meeting of the National Shellfisheries Association, New Oreleans, LA. 2003

Economic Impact of West Coast Shellfish Aquaculture. Bobbi Hudson. National Shellfisheries Association (NSA) 104th annual meeting 3/24-29/2012 in Seattle, Washington.

Manila Clam Harvest Method Evaluation in Samish Bay, WA. Andrew Suhrbier, Pacific Shellfish Institute. Pacific Coast Shellfish Growers Association Annual Meeting, Tulalip, Washington, September 2012.

Impact of Imidacloprid Applications to Control Burrowing Shrimp on Benthic Organisms: 2011 Results and 2012 Preliminary Results. Steven Booth, Pacific Shellfish Institute. Pacific Coast Shellfish Growers Association Annual Meeting, Tulalip, Washington, September 2012.